Chinese Sweet Gum
Liquidambar formosana, commonly known as the Chinese sweet gum or Formosan gum, is a species of tree in the family Altingiaceae native to Vietnam.
Liquidambarformosana is a large, native, deciduous tree that grows up to 30-40m tall. The leaves are 10~15 cm wide. and are three-lobed unlike five- to seven-lobed leaves of most American Liquidambar species. The foliage of the L. formosana turns a very attractive red color in autumn.Leaves grow in an alternate arrangement, and are simple, palmately-veined, with serrated margins. Roots can be aggressive and branches are usually covered with corky projections. The individual flowers of L. formosana are monoecious. However, both sexes can be found in the same plant. Male flowers are in catkins, female flowers form dense spherical heads, and the fruit is burr-like because of the persistent styles
Liquidambarformosana grow mostly in woodland in warm temperate zones. It requires moist soil and can grow in light to no shade area. It is usually found in Vietnam and Southern China, Taiwan.
The leaves are used in the treatment of cancerous growths.
The stem is anodyne, antiphlogistic, astringent, balsamic and hemostatic.
The stem bark is used in the treatment of fluxes and skin diseases.
The fruits are antirheumatic, diuretic and galactagogue.
They are used in the treatment of arthritis, lumbago, edema, oliguria, decreased milk production and skin diseases.
The root is used in the treatment of cancerous growths.
The resin from the stems is used to treat bleeding boils, carbuncles, toothache, and tuberculosis.
It is mixed with Rhamnuscrenata fruits and used as a suppository for constipation.
An aromatic resin is obtained from the trunk of this tree. It forms in cavities of the bark and is harvested in autumn. It is used as a raw material for the perfume and pharmaceutical industry and in the manufacture of varnish and incense. It is used medicinally.
The wood is light, but strong after being processed
It is used for construction, railway sleepers, boat- and ship-building, furniture and tea chests for higher grade teas.